Tuesday, December 5, 2017

Feline Lung-Digit Disease-Have You Ever Hear of it? Neither Did I Until My Cat Died Because of It....


Image result for feline-lung digit disease
Cat lovers, have you ever heard of Feline Lung-Digit Lung Disease? No. Don't be surprised. Neither did I until my 14 yr old furry baby kitty named Charlie came down with it. It was out of the blue. I take pride in the fact that I take great care of my furry babies. I'm always checking them out, observing them and taking them to the vet for check-ups and blood work. I don't skimp on their care or their foods. That is why this disease took me by my surprise. It all started so simply, too. So innocent. True cancer. 
            Charlie was a happy, friendly soul who loved everyone, animal or human.
Charlie had always been a healthy cat. He adopted us several years earlier in 1997 when he wandered onto our porch when we lived in Colorado. We began feeding him and he always returned. Finally, we took a chance and let him into our home everyday for a hour or two for a week to see how he would behave and how he and our two girl house cats would get along. He was no problem. The girl cats followed him everywhere. After a week, we adopted him. We took him to the veterinarian for a checkup, vaccinations, getting neutered and needed extensive teeth cleaning and two bad teeth had to be removed. He was just about one and a half years old.
       
The little sore on Charlie that began it all.    
                One afternoon in May 2012 I noticed that my little boy was limping and when I picked him up to check his feet, I found an open sore on his left front paw just at the bottom of the toe pad. It looked nothing awkward or horrible. It was just what appeared to be an simple sore, as if he caught it on a nail, though he never went outside. Our veterinarian seriously thought it was a spider bite. That was certainly feasible. However, as it was being treated per directions from our vet with bacterial ointment and fresh bandages, it didn't seem to get better. In fact, it got worse, ugly and pussy looking. Our veterinarian still swore it was a spider bite. After all, what else could it be, right? But the sore didn't seem to heal and then, it spread to two toes and began to turn black, which I knew wasn't a good thing. 
               Image result for x-ray feline-lung digit diseaseX-ray for the toes.      
The spider bite diagnosis just didn't sit right with me. Something was tugging at me. Something told me that it was something else. Hence, I was driven by curiosity to find out what else it could be. As I did some research, I ran into something called Feline Lung-Digit Lung Disease. It scared the hell out of me and something told me to check this out just in case and exactly what I intended to do. 
                          Charlie at beginning with bandaged sore.      But first, what is it? In simple terms, a cat develops a tumor in his lung and for some strange reason it manifests in a paw. There is no warning sign. That is the warning sign. There is no lack of appetite or coughing accompanying it. There was no rapid breathing. Nothing out of the normal happened to Charlies except for the sore that wouldn't heal. When I mentioned what I had found to my vet the next day, he shook his head because he had never heard of it, and when I asked for an X-ray to check Charlie's lungs, he didn't hesitate. By this time, he knew that we knew and cared about animals, especially ours. We were responsible, caring owners. Sure enough when we did the X-ray, we found a large tumor in Charlie's lung. 

Needless to say, we were both floored. I was floored because I was right and saddened by it. The vet was floored because he had never heard of it but there it was with the corresponding sore on Charlie's paw to confirm it. What on earth was this? How did this happen? I had found very little on this ailment to begin with and most of what I did find was from the United Kingdom. Our veterinarian also found next to nothing. As it turned out, the prognosis wasn't good. 

Charlie was 14 and a happy cat, but to put him through iffy treatment that may not work. I couldn't do it. We opted for pallative care instead. A week or so after the X-ray, the sore spread to two toes and the toes had to be amputated to prevent further infection. Fortunately, the minor surgery didn't harm him. In fact, he seemed to rebound, albeit for a short time. The pathology on the removed toes found nothing. Of course not, because the cancer was in the lungs.  Through the rest of it, Charlie was a trooper. He never whined or pitied himself. He ate and drank well. He used the litter box. He was loved until the end. 
                                Charlie after the toe amputation.       Less than two months from discovering the sore on his paw, Charlie failed fast and had to be put to sleep. We buried him in our backyard. To this day, I can not locate any more specific related information on this cancer metastasis. That is why I decided to share what I learned and lived through with you. I hope you never have to go through this. Ever. As I said, there isn't much information out there about this cancer sign, but if you find anything else, I'd love to know. Below, I've shared some of the sites I located to post this blog page.
    Charlie watched over by his older sister, Princess. She couldn't stand him, but is obviously concerned. When he died, she yowled every night until her death on 3/18/16. 

    From Medscape.com      

Feline lung-digit syndrome: unusual metastatic patterns of primary lung tumours in cats.

J Feline Med Surg.  2012; 14(3):202-8 (ISSN: 1532-2750)

Goldfinch N; Argyle DJ
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE: Feline 'lung-digit syndrome' describes an unusual pattern of metastasis that is seen with various types of primary lung tumours, particularly bronchial and bronchioalveolar adenocarcinoma. Tumour metastases are found at atypical sites, notably the distal phalanges of the limbs; the weightbearing digits are most frequently affected, and multiple-digit and multiple-limb involvement is common. Often primary lung tumours in cats are not detected because of clinical signs referable to the primary tumour; rather, many cases present with signs referable to distant metastases. Other sites of metastases from feline primary lung tumours include the skin, eyes, skeletal muscle and bone, as well as multiple thoracic and abdominal organs. These lesions are thought to arise from direct arterial embolisation from the tumour. Indeed tumour embolisation to the aortic trifurcation is possible.
PATIENT GROUP: Primary lung neoplasms are uncommon in the cat. Older animals are most affected (mean age at presentation 12 years, range 2-20 years). There is no apparent sex or breed predilection.
CLINICAL CHALLENGES: Feline lung-digit syndrome presents a diagnostic challenge. Typically there is swelling and reddening of the digit, purulent discharge from the nail bed, and dysplasia or fixed exsheathment of the associated nail. While these signs might be suggestive of infection, this could be secondary to a digital metastatic lesion, particularly in a middle-aged or elderly cat. Radiographic evidence of extensive bony lysis of the distal phalanx, which can be trans-articular to the second phalanx, raises the index of clinical suspicion for metastasis of a primary pulmonary tumour. Thoracic radiography is warranted prior to any surgery or digital amputation as the prognosis is generally grave for cats with this syndrome, with a mean survival time of only 58 days after presentation.
EVIDENCE BASE: This article reviews the previous literature and case reports of feline lung-digit syndrome and feline primary pulmonary neoplasia in general, discussing the course of this disease and the varying clinical presentations associated with different sites of metastasis.


For more information about this insidious disease:
     http://www.felinediabetes.com/FDMB/threads/lung-digit-syndrome-cancer.69627/

     http://www.orthovetsupersite.org/abstract/feline-lung-digit-syndrome-unusual-metastatic-patterns-primary-lung-tumours-cats

     https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22370862

     http://www.cytopath.co.uk/caseofmonthapril2011.html

     http://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/feline-lungdigit-syndrome-unusual-metastatic-patterns-of-primary-lung-tumours-in-cats(1f856627-3619-4670-97e0-79ad80e76c8f).html

     http://www.justanswer.com/cat-health/5weon-7-5-year-old-male-cat-diagnosis-lung-digit-syndrome.html

     http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/22370862



For more information about lung cancer in cats:
    http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1098612X12439267

    http://www.winnfelinefoundation.org/docs/default-source/cat-health-library-educational-articles/lung-cancer-in-cats-2c-2014.pdf?sfvrsn=4

    http://www.vet.cornell.edu/FHC/health_information/CW_lungs.cfm





Thanks for visiting my blog for the animals. It's always great to connect with another animal lover. If you and I don't speak up for them, who will? 

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Is your coin jar overflowing? Turn that loose change into cash that helps animals by donating to The HSUS at participating Coinstar machines nationwide. Where to go» Find a Kiosk near you...

                                             
Until next time….hug your animals. Tell them you love them. If you don’t have a pet, adopt one. Make adoption your first option when seeking a pet. Adopt. Don’t shop. Can’t adopt. Please consider fostering one. The animal will have the taste of home and the shelter will cover the expenses. Can’t foster? Make a donation or volunteer at your local shelter. Please, don’t hunt. Unless you’re starving down in a ditch somewhere, there is no logical reason to do so. Whatever you do, however you do it, please be a voice for the animals large and small. All it takes is one to make a difference, good or bad.
    FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out www.petfinder.com
                                     
Together, you and I can make a difference in an animal's life.  I’m one for the animals. Are you? Thanks for visiting. Stay safe. Be strong. Be happy. Smile. Show compassion. Be nice to one another. Pass it onward. If you like what you see here, please consider signing up to become a follower. Please feel free to share this post with others.
                                 
    Regards,
    S.J. Francis
    In Shattered Lies: "Good and bad, it's All About Family."  Available now from Black Opal Books and for sale at on-line retailers and independent booksellers.
   “Some secrets should remain that way.” 
      My Black Opal Books Author Page:
            http://www.blackopalbooks.com/author-bios/bio-sj-francis 
                 My web page: http://www.sjfranciswriter.com
                                     Twitter: https://twitter.com/sjfrancis419
FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out www.petfinder.com

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          A Book Review 4 U: http://abookreview4u.blogspot.com
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And now for some legal stuff: Copyright 2017 by S.J. Francis. Opinions expressed here are solely those of the author, S. J. Francis and are meant to entertain, inform and enlighten, and intend to offend no one.
                                                        
 FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out www.petfinder.com
                                                                                                           

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Lawsuit Alleges Major Pet Food Manufacturer Has Been Feeding Animals Lead

BY MATTHEW RUSSELL

Blue Buffalo has not been immune to errors in quality control over the past few years. The pet food manufacturer has issued three recalls in 2017 alone, and it now faces a lawsuit that alleges its products have been causing lead poisoning.
California resident Vladi Zakinov filed a class-action lawsuit against Blue Buffalo after his 4-year-old cocker spaniel-poodle mix, Coco, was stricken with an acute kidney disease and died after eating the food daily.
Healthy Pets reports that lead was discovered in the dog’s bodily tissues after death. Zakinov’s case blames Blue Buffalo for that death.
Source: Pexels
Source: Pexels
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration sets the permissible amount of lead in a food product at 5 parts per billion, but a third-party lab found excess amounts in the following Blue Buffalo foods:
Blue Buffalo ProductLead (parts per billion)
Blue Wilderness Chicken Recipe for Small Breed Adult Dogs200 ppb
Blue Freedom Grain-Free Chicken Recipe for Small Breed Adult Dogs140 ppb
Blue Basics Grain-Free Turkey and Potato Recipe for Adult Dogs840 ppb
Zakinov’s case asserts that Blue Buffalo did not protect its customers from lead poisoning by warning them of lead in their products or the health issues lead-tainted foods can cause. He wants to be paid back for the food he purchased from the company back when he believed its positioning as a healthy and holistic option.
He also wants compensation for Coco’s veterinary bills and the loss of his friend.

LEAD POISONING

When lead is ingested, it can take the place of zinc and calcium in cells, gradually building up and affecting the gastrointestinal tract and nervous system.
Source: Pxhere
Source: Pxhere
PetMD maintains that young animals and dogs are the most common victims of lead poisoning, although cats are also vulnerable.
Lead poisoning symptoms include:
  • Vomiting
  • Poor appetite
  • Loss of balance
  • Diarrhea
  • Seizures
  • Blindness
  • And eventually, death
If you notice your pet exhibiting any of these symptoms, call a veterinarian immediately. They will need to understand your pet’s health and environmental history, as well as run a number of tests to see if lead is an issue.
Source: Pexels
Source: Pexels
Pet food has long been a source of worry for pet owners and health officials. Reports of salmonella contamination are frequent and threaten not only animals eating the food but also the owners handling it. Nutritional deficiencies and toxins have been found in pet foods as well — including melamine, which has led to multiple pet deaths.

Click the button below to join those who are making a difference by demanding stricter regulations for pet food!
 

Thanks for visiting my blog for the animals. It's always great to connect with another animal lover. If you and I don't speak up for them, who will? 

POTW feature
Coins That Count: 
Is your coin jar overflowing? Turn that loose change into cash that helps animals by donating to The HSUS at participating Coinstar machines nationwide. Where to go» Find a Kiosk near you...

                                             
Until next time….hug your animals. Tell them you love them. If you don’t have a pet, adopt one. Make adoption your first option when seeking a pet. Adopt. Don’t shop. Can’t adopt. Please consider fostering one. The animal will have the taste of home and the shelter will cover the expenses. Can’t foster? Make a donation or volunteer at your local shelter. Please, don’t hunt. Unless you’re starving down in a ditch somewhere, there is no logical reason to do so. Whatever you do, however you do it, please be a voice for the animals large and small. All it takes is one to make a difference, good or bad.
    FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out www.petfinder.com
                                     
Together, you and I can make a difference in an animal's life.  I’m one for the animals. Are you? Thanks for visiting. Stay safe. Be strong. Be happy. Smile. Show compassion. Be nice to one another. Pass it onward. If you like what you see here, please consider signing up to become a follower. Please feel free to share this post with others.
                                                         

    Regards,
    S.J. Francis
    In Shattered Lies: "Good and bad, it's All About Family."  Available now from Black Opal Books and for sale at on-line retailers and independent booksellers.
   “Some secrets should remain that way.” 
      My Black Opal Books Author Page:
                 My web page: http://www.sjfranciswriter.com
                                     Twitter: https://twitter.com/sjfrancis419
FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out www.petfinder.com

 Facebook fan page:  https://www.facebook.com/pages/SJ-Francis/480058115420325
                  My writing Blog: http://sjfranciswriter.blogspot.com
                                                     

         A Book Review 4 U: http://abookreview4u.blogspot.com
                  A Consumer's View: http://aconsumersview.blogspot.com
                   

And now for some legal stuff: Copyright 2017 by S.J. Francis. Opinions expressed here are solely those of the author, S. J. Francis and are meant to entertain, inform and enlighten, and intend to offend no one.
                                                        
 FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out www.petfinder.com
                                                                                                Remember: Animals have no voice. We must be their voice. Always. Forever. Anywhere and everywhere. See an animal being abused or abandoned. Call the police, Sheriff, FBI.

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Is There a Puppy Mill in Your Neighborhood? This Report Can Tell You


The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) recently released its latest “Horrible Hundred” report of puppy mills in the United States. The organization describes the report as “a list of known, problematic puppy breeding and/or puppy brokering facilities.” And they state that “it is not a list of all puppy mills, nor is it a list of the worst puppy mills in the country.”
The breeders and brokers on this list have a proven track record of mistreating animals and violating the laws — which often require only the minimum amount of care, to begin with, and don’t always take emotional well-being into consideration — that were created to help protect animals from abuse and neglect.
This 53-page report proves that the individuals operating these breeding facilities are cutting corners to maximize profits, completely disregarding the humane treatment of animals and neglecting to provide basics such as clean food and water, safe housing and veterinary care.
 18278992_10154713992747842_7773322562602039731_o
Missouri and Iowa are known for having a large number of puppy mills, and Minnesota is home to one of the largest puppy mills in the country. But puppy mills are also found in Texas, Pennsylvania, Kentucky and New York, showing that this problem isn’t exclusive to agricultural states of the Midwest.

Uncovering the Hidden Horrors

 HSUS Released its ‘Horrible Hundred’ Puppy Mills Report—How Does Your State Rank?
 In the 2017 report, Missouri has 19 puppy mills listed, with violations ranging from contaminated food to animals found suffering from open wounds infested with maggots. Pennsylvania has 12 breeders listed, many of which were repeatedly cited for failing to provide veterinary care to dogs. Ohio also has 12 breeders listed, with one of the breeders being noted for having a barn fire that resulted in the death of “an undisclosed number” dogs.
A Tennessee breeder on the list was selling puppies online through puppyfind.com, even after being convicted of 47 counts of animal cruelty. A breeder from Georgia was also listed for selling puppies online after being convicted of 20 counts of animal cruelty. In Massachusetts, a breeder was forcing dogs to live in stacked cages in a basement, and an Arkansas breeder received a violation for a dog suffering from an untreated broken jaw.

Dogs in puppy mills are treated as nothing but a commodity, never knowing a soft bed, toys or a life filled with love.

 14500734_10154080151232842_4082404552091758716_o
This is a mere sampling of what the report contains, and it’s important to remember that this information only reflects what has been documented through official inspections or complaints. (Information that is now harder to get due to the removal of animal welfare documents from the USDA’s website in February.) It’s been estimated that there are thousands of puppy mills of all sizes operating in the U.S. If we see this much suffering in documented incidents covering 100 facilities, imagine everything that is going undetected and unreported.
The dogs in puppy mills are suffering every day. They’re forced to live in pain, endure extreme heat and cold in outdoor enclosures, and live in stuffy barns and buildings. The magnitude of the problem is overwhelming to think about, but through the power of people dedicated to education and changing laws, we can help put an end to the suffering.

Putting Puppy Mills Out of Business

 HSUS Released its ‘Horrible Hundred’ Puppy Mills Report—How Does Your State Rank?
As the report show...s, even breeders with a history of Animal Welfare Act violations can still be allowed to operate, which is why it is so difficult “shut down” commercial breeding operations. That’s why it’s so important to educate consumers about puppy mills and how they’re connected to pet stores online sales.
It might be tempting to “save” a sad-looking puppy from a pet store, but for each puppy purchased, two adult dogs are condemned to a life of pain and misery in a puppy mill.
 18491457_10154751806357842_3846846240609903340_o
With the vast majority of pet store puppies coming from puppy mills, over 200 jurisdictions across the U.S. and Canada have enacted ordinances banning the retail sale of commercially bred dogs and cats. It’s an effective way to help stop puppy mills at the consumer level by encouraging people to adopt one of the over six million animals that enter shelters every year. By choosing adoption you not only save a life, you help make puppy mills a thing of the past.
Learn more about puppy mills and pet adoption by checking out these other One Green Planet articles:

All image source: Humane Society of the United States/Facebook  
Thanks for visiting my blog for the animals. It's always great to connect with another animal lover. If you and I don't speak up for them, who will? 
Want to help out shelter animals without spending a dime?

Answer a question daily for dogs and cats and kibble is donated to feed them. Right or wrong, the answer doesn't matter. 

Click on   www.freekibble.com/litter    and help give litter for cats.

Another way to help feed shelter animals without spending a dime is to visit and click the big purple box at  http://theanimalrescuesite.greatergood.com/clickToGive/ars/home

POTW featureCoins That Count: 
Is your coin jar overflowing? Turn that loose change into cash that helps animals by donating to The HSUS at participating Coinstar machines nationwide. Where to go» Find a Kiosk near you...
                                             
Until next time….hug your animals. Tell them you love them. If you don’t have a pet, adopt one. Make adoption your first option when seeking a pet. Adopt. Don’t shop. Can’t adopt. Please consider fostering one. The animal will have the taste of home and the shelter will cover the expenses. Can’t foster? Make a donation or volunteer at your local shelter. Please, don’t hunt. Unless you’re starving down in a ditch somewhere, there is no logical reason to do so. Whatever you do, however you do it, please be a voice for the animals large and small. All it takes is one to make a difference, good or bad.

    FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out  https://www.petfinder.com



Remember, all types, ages, breeds, even purebreds are waiting to be adopted.
                                     

Together, you and I can make a difference in an animal's life.  I’m one for the animals. Are you? Thanks for visiting. Stay safe. Be strong. Be happy. Smile. Show compassion. Be nice to one another. Pass it onward. If you like what you see here, please consider signing up to become a follower. Please feel free to share this post with others.

    Regards,
    S.J. Francis
    In Shattered Lies: "Good and bad, it's All About Family."  Available now from Black Opal Books and for sale at on-line retailers and independent booksellers.     “Some secrets should remain that way.” 
 
      My Black Opal Books Author Page:
            http://www.blackopalbooks.com/author-bios/bio-sj-francis
                 My web page: http://www.sjfranciswriter.com
                                     Twitter: https://twitter.com/sjfrancis419
FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out www.petfinder.com
                                     0r   www.savearescue.org

Remember, all types, ages, breeds, even purebreds are waiting to be adopted.

                  My writing Blog: http://sjfranciswriter.blogspot.com

                                                     


          A Book Review 4 U: http://abookreview4u.blogspot.com
                  A Consumer's View: http://aconsumersview.blogspot.com


And now for some legal stuff: Copyright 2017 by S.J. Francis. Opinions expressed here are solely those of the author, S. J. Francis and are meant to entertain, inform and enlighten, and intend to offend no one.
                                                        
 FYI: To find an animal in need of a home; to find an animal shelter near you, check out  https://www.petfinder.com



Remember, all types, ages, breeds, even purebreds are waiting to be adopted.
                                                            
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